First, i should point out that this post was a paper written for my phi 202 (ethics) class this past semester and the paper was required to be specifically pointed towards arguments either for or against the cultural differences argument in relation to moral relativism. Those opposing cultural relativism (rachels, 1986 rachels and rachels, 2010 thomson, 1990 pojman, 2008 schick and vaughn, 2010) argue that it's view on ethics and morality is too simple and doesn't take into account the universal moral rules which transcend culture. C) evaluate: arguments in favor of cultural relativism arguments in favor of cultural relativism - morality varies from culture to culture-don't judge other cultures): 1) cultural relativism is a way of showing mutual respect for other cultures--showing toleration. Cultural relativism, according to rachels, can be a useful antidote against dogmatism chapter 8: right and wrong thomas nagel multiple choice 1 the ideas of right and wrong can be used to evaluate what. Cultural relativism cultural relativism: all truth is local cultural relativism is the view that moral or ethical systems, which vary from culture to culture, are all equally valid and no one system is really better than any other.
Explain rachels' argument for either agreeing or disagreeing with this position 14 give an example in which it looks like we have a significant disagreement in value between two cultures and yet the disagreement between the two is really a disagreement in belief about factual issues. V arguments against subjective ethical relativism the arguments offered in favor of subjective relativism can sound very convincing to many people there are, however, some serious problems for the view lurking just below the surface. Relativism, roughly put, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning, and procedures of justification are products of differing conventions and frameworks of assessment and that their authority is confined to the context giving rise to them.
Ethical relativism, the doctrine that there are no absolute truths in ethics and that what is morally right or wrong varies from person to person or from society to society ethical relativism, then, is a radical doctrine that is contrary to what many thoughtful people commonly assume as such, it. Best answer: cultural relativism holds that there is no universal morality that is common among all cultures specifically, in an article on cultural relativism james rachels states the following characteristics of cultural relativism. What does rachel say against the argument for cultural relativism (concerning its validity and concerning the truth of the premise it is an invalid argument because you can say that different people have different beliefs to a conclusion that there is no objective truth because different cultures have different beliefs. Philosophy professor at university of alabama at birmingham james rachels (1941-2003), in his book the elements of moral philosophy(3rd edition, usa: mcgraw-hill companies, inc, 1999) identifies two lessons we should learn from cultural relativism, even if we ultimately reject it.
Other arguments, inspired by section 4, the consequences of taking cultural relativism seriously, in the rachels essay, are more direct in that they have the falsity of relativism as a conclusion 1if moral (cultural)relativism is an accurate characterization of morality, then we cannot make moral assessments of other cultures. (rachels, 21) according to a selection by william graham sumner that rachels quotes, the concept of right and wrong can only be measured against one's own cultural beliefs rachels uses that concept to make three conclusions regarding cultural relativism. Is cultural relativism good for our society cultural relativism is a belief where there are no absolute moral views or beliefs can be apply to all cultures, which makes right and wrong different in every society what is considered right in one society may be considered wrong in another.
Cultural relativism, religious relativism, linguistic relativism, scientific relativism, relativism moving from different historical perspectives or miscellaneous social positions: this is just the beginning of a list of sources motivating the genuineness of contrasting perspectives on a specific topic at hand. Rachels goes on to discredit cultural relativism because the premise of one's argument concerns what people believe, but the conclusion doesn't follow logically it doesn't. Cultural relativism is not the same as individual relativism again, see the overview since all cultures must, for instance, include consequentialist moral norms, or norms against murder, i can use these shared precepts or norms as a basis for cross-cultural judgement. I want to provide a quick and dirty argument against relativism at this ending point of our course it is only a first step, and you need to be aware that relativists will have reasonable philosophical responses to the arguments i offer.
Moral relativism moral relativism is the view that moral judgments are true or false only relative to some particular standpoint (for instance, that of a culture or a historical period) and that no standpoint is uniquely privileged over all others. Maria k philosophy mar 6, 2012 arguments against moral relativism moral relativism is the belief that the morally correct decision to make, when faced with a moral dilemma, is the one that is acceptable within the context of a given culture. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature including essays by ruth benedict and james rachels concerning moral relativism to identify arguments for and against cultural relativism, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion. This audio/slideshow lecture is intended to accompany the challenge of cultural relativism by james rachels you should complete the reading before viewing.
Moral relativism is an important topic in metaethics it is also widely discussed outside philosophy (for example, by political and religious leaders), and it is controversial among philosophers and nonphilosophers alike. In the challenge of cultural relativism, rachels argues that the cultural differences argument is invalid the cultural differences argument is the following: different cultures have different moral codes. In the text the challenge of cultural relativism, james rachels breaks down and discusses the theory of cultural relativism by presenting the pros and cons of this theory he exposes some of the shortcomings of the theory arguing that some of the claims are wrong and contradictory.